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The Ai Initiative

His research on the European brain drain provided the background research that led to the creation of the Brain Power Austria initiative and had influenced several EU Member States policies in this regard.

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He has over fifteen years of professional experience working at the nexus of innovation, technology, government, industry and civil society across Europe, America and Asia. Simon co-founded the Future Society at Harvard Kennedy School in because of his firm belief that the rapid development of technology in our days poses unparalleled challenges for public decision makers and corporate leaders.

Before grad school, he spent three years advising international companies on operational and strategic issues. At Harvard, Simon focused on strategic decision making, advanced analytics and public performance management. Arohi is an Economist with an acute interest in harnessing the power of Artificial Intelligence to create positive social impact, especially in developing conomies. Passionate about social change, Arohi previously held the position of Senior Strategist at a London based start-up, focusing on building global digital campaigns on topics such as youth rights and gender equality for a wide range of non-profits and foundations.

Arohi is a graduate of the University of Warwick, with a Bachelor of Science in Economics, where she led extensive research into the economics of incentives. Since , she has taken part in international negotiations at the United Nations, as a Youth Delegate within the French delegation, advocating for the right of future generations. She is intent on strengthening international coordination in the development of AI, with a focus on ethics and collective intelligence. Yolanda conducts labor market policy research including the impact of AI-enabled automation on the workforce.

Yolanda previously advised Fortune multinationals on innovation and market entry strategy as a business consultant in Copenhagen. She also worked on trade and business regulation at the U. Yolanda is Turkish-American and is based in Bucharest, Romania. Her most recent endeavor has been to provide legal aid to victims of torture, human trafficking and other forms of extreme cruelty at the Helen Bamber Foundation.

Alongside her focus on becoming a lawyer, her interests include ethics, human rights, and policy-making. In a recent survey of international relations scholars, he was ranked as the most influential scholar on American foreign policy, and in , Foreign Policy named him one of the top Global Thinkers. D in public policy from Carnegie Mellon University, he taught at the George Washington University before returning back to China in His teaching and research interests include public policy analysis, STI policy, crisis management, and global governance.

Cyrus serves as Advisor to the UAE Minister of Artificial Intelligence, currently working on projects that will positively impact the world through the use of AI and help shape the upcoming global governance of AI. Cyrus being passionate about drastically disruptive technologies, previously led and still advises robotics and biotech ventures.

In , Cyrus co-founded the AI Initiative, which he managed, by engaging a wide range of global stakeholders to study, discuss and help shape the governance of AI. Cyrus spearheaded several projects using innovative tools such as the Global Civic Debate and its multilingual collective intelligence platform on the governance of AI and works at using AI and Machine Learning to tackle policy issues. Prior to this appointment Mr. Lalonde has also worked for non-governmental organizations, like Friends of the Earth.

He is now President of the Business and Climate Summit. It was formed with two primary deliverables: The Initiative is guided by over one hundred thought leaders with a mission of ensuring every technologist is educated, trained, and empowered to prioritize ethical considerations in the design and development of autonomous and intelligent systems.

An internet pioneer, he is the founder of Doctissimo. Geoff is an adviser to many governments around the world. From , under Mayor Boris Johnson, he was co-chair of the London Enterprise Panel committee responsible for science and technology in London. From Geoff is co-chair of a new World Economic Forum group looking at innovation and entrepreneurship in the fourth industrial revolution.

Jaan Tallinn is a founding engineer of Skype and Kazaa. He is also an active angel investor, a partner at Ambient Sound Investments asi. Wendell Wallach specializes in the ethics and governance of emerging technologies. Contributions to robotics, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, biotechnology, technology policy, ethics, and philosophy have established him as a transdisciplinary scholar. Teaching Robots Right From Wrong, which mapped the new field variously known as machine morality, machine ethics, and values alignment.

The more recent A Dangerous Master: How to keep technology from slipping beyond our control is a primer on emerging technologies and their societal impact. Nicolas Economou is the chief executive of H5 and was a pioneer in advocating the application of scientific methods to electronic discovery. He contributes actively to advancing dialogue on public policy challenges at the intersection of law, science, and technology.

Nicolas has been featured in Forbes magazine and is the author of a number of published articles on issues relating to technology and the practice of law. Jim Waldo is the Chief Technology Officer for Harvard University, where he is responsible for for the architecture and implementation of the technology environment.

Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, where he teaches courses in distributed systems and privacy. Jim has designed clouds at VMware, and was a Distinguished Engineer with Sun Microsystems Laboratories, where he investigated next-generation large-scale distributed systems.

His last project at Sun Labs was Darkstar. Prior to re joining Sun Labs, he was the lead architect for Jini, a distributed programming system based on Java. More recently, he authored Java: He also holds over 50 patents.

Jim received his Ph. He also holds M. Richard is Director of AI Projects at the Future of Life Institute, where he works to support the robust, safe, beneficent development of both short-term and long-term artificial intelligence via analysis, metaresearch, organization, research direction, and advocacy. Among his research interests at FLI are multiobjective ethical ensembles, semantic overlay of subsymbolic and neuromorphic processes, and dynamic roadmapping of the future.

He is an advisor to other nonprofits and companies where he advises on AI, knowledge management, and sustainability. Richard holds a degree in intelligent systems and computer science from Columbia University. He is also author of papers about machine intelligence and of Ethical Artificial Intelligence, available here: Nell Watson is an engineer, entrepreneur, and futurist thinker who grew up in Northern Ireland. She has founded a series of companies that leverage the power of machine learning, and is a patent holder in original technologies within machine vision, and actively researches areas such as machine ethics.

Nell is an advisory technologist to several startups, accelerators, and venture capital funds, and lectures globally on Machine Intelligence, AI philosophy, Human-Machine relations, and the Future of Human Society. Marc Goodman is a New York Times best-selling author, global strategist and consultant focused on the profound change technology is having on security, business and international affairs. She is a researcher in Science and Technology Studies STS , and her primary interest is to investigate the benefits and risks of artificial intelligence by organizing an interdisciplinary research group.

She is co-founder of Acceptable Intelligence with Responsibility Study Group AIR established in , which seeks to address emerging issues and relationships between artificial intelligence and society. He has published five scientific monographs, three on cyberwarfare, and more than 60 other publications, is an Oxford Martin School Fellow, a program committee member of the Harvard-MIT workshop series on cyber norms, and an IEEE permanent reviewer.

He has extensive cyber, rule of law, and outreach experience with developing democracies. Professor Wingfield has a strong background in teaching strategy and operations to U. Doctor of Laws from Georgetown University; and a B. Her current research centers in the national security ramifications of the intersection between counter-espionage, social engineering and disruptive technologies in cyberspace.

In she received the US Presidential Service Award in recognition of her volunteer work and service to the cyber community. Manuel Muñiz is the Dean of the School of International Relations at IE University and the Founding Director of its Center for the Governance of Change, an institution dedicated to studying the challenges posed by accelerated societal and technological change to the public and private sectors and proposing solutions and frameworks to manage these challenges.

He has undertaken research on processes of cooperation and integration in Europe and the North Atlantic with a view to understanding how states tackle interdependence and complexity. Muniz and also appointed him Director of its Program on Leadership. In he was appointed by Esglobal as one of the 25 intellectuals having the greatest impact on our thinking about Iberoamerica.

During the Spring term of Dr. Muñiz will teach a course titled Order and Chaos: He is an expert on sustainable investment and risk in complex markets in Africa, Latin America and Central Asia. Other work has focused on global trends in the extractives industry, energy infrastructure investment, and fair trade practices.

He earned a B. Frank Escoubes is the co-founder of bluenove www. Frank is a former Deloitte Principal. He worked as a strategy consultant for 20 years in Europe and North America, including 8 years with Deloitte in Canada, in charge of Strategy Innovation and Cluster Acceleration.

Frank is also the founder of the Social Innovation platform Imagination for People www. He wrote his first novel on the hidden world of corporate whistleblowers.

Daniel Beaulieu has launched and led social enterprises and social impact initiatives on three continents. He is currently CCO at News Deeply, which creates digital platforms and online communities to help address undeserved global issues. She is a writer and international science policy expert, who specializes in the governance and democratization of converging technologies.

Leading the AI Lab, Pauwels analyzes and compares how transformative technologies, such as artificial intelligence and genome-editing, raise new opportunities and challenges for health, security, economics and governance in different geo-political contexts. She analyzes the promises and perils that will likely arise with the development of AI civil and military technologies, the Internet of Living Things and future networks of intelligent and connected bio-labs. August Cole is an author and analyst exploring the future of conflict.

He is a nonresident senior fellow at the Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security at the Atlantic Council where he directs The Art of the Future Project, which explores narrative fiction and visual media for insight into the future of conflict.

He is also writer-in-residence at Avascent , an independent strategy and management consulting firm focused on government-oriented industries. He is a regular speaker to private sector, academic, military, and government audiences. His first book Ghost Fleet: Singer about the future of great power war.

He regularly writes short stories focused on the human elements of conflict amid emergent and disruptive technologies. From Washington, he covered companies ranging from Boeing to Blackwater, as well as broader defense policy and political matters. He is also a former editor and reporter at MarketWatch. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

She is a strategic advisor on artificial intelligence, smart cities and fintech to clients such as SMRT, Singapore's largest public transport company, SmartDubai, which is transforming the city's governance and service delivery, and YES Bank, one of India's largest banks. Ayesha was co-founder of the Hybrid Reality Institute, a research and advisory group established to analyze the social and economic impact of accelerating technologies.

Ayesha Khanna has a B. Mark Munoz is a multi-awarded, tenured full professor and author. He has authored and edited more than twenty business books including two books on Artificial Intelligence with Al Naqvi titled: He is currently co-editing the book: Policy and Government Applications.

Steven Tebbe is the Managing Director of CDP Europe, the regional hub of a global non-profit helping investors, companies and cities assess their environmental impact and take urgent action to build a truly sustainable economy. In , Steven Tebbe co-founded Antural Partners, a boutique consulting and interim management firm specialized in delivering risk management solutions for clients facing complex sustainability challenges. In his various roles, Mr.

Calum Chace is a best-selling writer and sought-after speaker on artificial intelligence. He focuses on the medium- and long-term impact of AI on all of us, our societies and our economies. Before becoming a full-time writer and speaker, Calum had a year career in journalism and business, in which he was a marketer, a strategy consultant and a CEO.

A long time ago, Calum studied philosophy at Oxford University, where he discovered that the science fiction he had been reading since boyhood was actually philosophy in fancy dress.

Over the course of his career, he worked as a researcher, a policy analyst and an advisor on innovation policy issues in half a dozen countries. His research on the European brain drain provided the background research that led to the creation of the Brain Power Austria initiative and had influenced several EU Member States policies in this regard. C'est aussi à cette époque qu'apparaît le free jazz , genre musical que Miles, qui pour une fois n'a pas lancé le mouvement, s'ingénie à critiquer de manière particulièrement caustique et bruyante, tout en s'entourant petit à petit, de manière nettement plus discrète, de parfois très jeunes gens fortement influencés par ce courant musical.

Si ce n'est pas le cas du saxophoniste George Coleman , il n'en va pas de même pour sa nouvelle rythmique composée par le pianiste Herbie Hancock , le contrebassiste Ron Carter et le batteur Tony Williams , âgé d'à peine 18 ans à l'époque.

Ces musiciens apparaissent pour la première fois aux côtés de Miles, en , sur l'album Seven Steps to Heaven. Miles et son groupe partent de nouveau en tournée en Europe en juillet , puis se produisent au Lincoln Center de New York le 12 février , une prestation qui sera publiée sous forme de deux disques Four and More et My Funny Valentine.

En juillet, le saxophoniste Sam Rivers , très proche du free jazz, remplace George Coleman. Il va participer avec le groupe à une tournée au Japon. C'est en septembre que le saxophoniste, compositeur et arrangeur Wayne Shorter , qui avait déjà officié au sein des Jazz Messengers d' Art Blakey , rejoint le groupe. Miles trouve enfin le saxophoniste qui va mener sa musique vers de nouveaux sommets. Il va plus tard déclarer, dans Miles: C'est ce qui est arrivé, très vite.

Herbie Hancock explique cette transformation: Miles éprouve quelques difficultés pour s'adapter à la vivacité de ces jeunes musiciens mais cette prise de risque n'est pas la première dans la carrière de Miles et montre sa capacité à réinventer sans cesse son style.

Il raconte son expérience avec ce groupe:. Je n'étais que le leader qui avait rassemblé tout le monde. Ils étaient jeunes mais, même si je leur apprenais certaines choses, ils m'en apprenaient d'autres, sur la new thing , sur le free […] J'apprenais quelque chose chaque soir avec cette formation, d'abord parce que Tony Williams était un batteur progressiste.

Le seul membre d'un de mes orchestres qui m'ait dit un jour: Il m'a donc poussé à retravailler mon instrument, puisque je m'étais dispensé de cette discipline sans même m'en rendre compte […] Chaque nuit, Herbie, Tony et Ron rentraient dans leur chambre et discutaient jusqu'au petit matin de ce qu'ils venaient de jouer.

Le lendemain, ils remontaient sur scène et jouaient différemment. Peu après sa création, le quintet part en tournée en Europe. Il enregistre son premier disque studio ESP en janvier Alors que les albums studio sont constitués uniquement de compositions originales, le groupe reprend en concert les standards du répertoire de Miles Davis All of You , My Funny Valentine , etc. Alors que le rock et le funk se développent, Miles Davis va initier l'essor d'un jazz de style nouveau, fusionnant le son électrique de la fin des années avec le jazz.

Ce nouveau style, déjà ébauché sur les deux derniers albums du quintet, s'affirme de manière fracassante avec les albums In a Silent Way et surtout Bitches Brew Miles s'entoure de jeunes musiciens qui seront bientôt les chefs de file du jazz fusion tels le guitariste britannique John McLaughlin et le claviériste d'origine autrichienne Joe Zawinul.

La mise en avant des instruments électriques s'accompagne d'une approche encore plus ouverte de l'improvisation. Donnant aux musiciens de simples esquisses de thèmes, il leur offre une plus grande liberté dans l'improvisation. Ces deux albums voient aussi le producteur Teo Macero prendre une place centrale dans le processus de création.

Les morceaux ne sont plus enregistrés d'un seul tenant, l'album devient le résultat d'un collage d'extraits des prises de studio. Avec ces deux albums, Miles Davis provoque une vraie révolution dans le monde du jazz et rencontre un vrai succès populaire. À la suite des séances de Bitches Brew , Miles ajoute à son groupe des sitars et des tablas. Les titres issus de ces séances: À partir de , la musique de Miles est de plus en plus marquée par le funk.

Le virage électrique est motivé à la fois par des raisons artistiques et commerciales [ 22 ]. Malgré une promotion désastreuse de la Columbia Records , le disque, sorti le 24 février , est devenu un classique du jazz-rock. Le 29 août , il participe à l'historique Festival de l'île de Wight. Le groupe, un des meilleurs de toute sa période électrique, est constitué de Gary Bartz aux saxophones soprano et alto, Chick Corea et Keith Jarrett aux claviers, Dave Holland à la basse, Jack DeJohnette à la batterie et Airto Moreira aux percussions.

À l'invitation de ce dernier, qui connait bien l'île pour y avoir séjourné plusieurs fois, Miles se rend sur l'île de La Réunion , et y joue un concert intimiste improvisé le 21 septembre , dans le village de Manapany. Selon Alain Gerber , c'est de ce séjour sur la petite île française qu'aurait été inspiré sa composition Black Satin , sur le disque On the corner , paru deux années plus tard.

Ce dernier, ancien musicien de studio pour Motown et membre du groupe de Stevie Wonder , n'est pas un jazzman de formation. Son style funky , basé sur des lignes de basse répétitives est déterminant dans l'évolution de la musique de Miles, avec lequel il restera jusqu'en En octobre-novembre , il effectue une tournée en Europe. Ce sont eux qui achètent les disques et viennent aux concerts, et je songeais à me préparer un public pour l'avenir. Beaucoup de jeunes Blancs étaient déjà venus dans mes concerts après Bitches Brew.

Je pensais qu'il serait bien de rassembler tous ces jeunes dans l'écoute de ma musique et de l'appréciation du groove. On the Corner et Big Fun eurent du mal à trouver leur public à l'époque. Rejetés par la plupart des critiques de jazz, ils ne parviennent pas non plus à séduire la jeunesse noire.

Durant cette période, Miles utilise la pédale wah-wah pour distordre le son de sa trompette. Son jeu est plus axé sur l'aspect rythmique. Toutefois, il conserve une démarche jazz et ce à deux niveaux: En , son groupe se stabilise autour de la formation suivante: Reggie Lucas se charge des parties rythmiques alors que Pete Cosey [ 23 ] , dont le jeu est très influencé par celui de Jimi Hendrix, joue la majorité des soli il joue aussi des percussions.

Le septet se produit au Japon en juin, puis le 8 juillet , il joue pour la première fois sur la scène du Montreux Jazz Festival. Les concerts des 20 juin Tokyo , 8 juillet Montreux , 27 octobre Stockholm et 3 novembre Vienne seront filmés professionnellement: Le surprenant guitariste hendrixien Dominique Gaumont et le saxophoniste Azar Lawrence sont invités lors de ce concert: Voici ce que j'entends par là: En paraissent les doubles albums studio Big Fun et Get Up With It regroupant différentes sessions du début des années Agharta concert de l'après-midi et Pangaea concert de la soirée.

Sonny Fortune y remplace Dave Liebman. Ces deux disques sont la parfaite conclusion de cette période créatrice très riche.

En , Miles Davis quitte la scène pour des motifs de santé. Miles Davis refait surface en avec l'album The Man with the Horn.

Au cours des années , il enregistre des albums de jazz fusion très funk avec des groupes qui, selon sa bonne habitude, sont formés de jeunes musiciens inconnus qui feront carrière: Grâce à lui, le jazz, terme qu'il trouvait de plus en plus restrictif, pouvait toucher un public plus large et continuer ainsi à se renouveler. Le double album live We Want Miles , publié en , présente le nouveau groupe de scène de Miles Davis.

Le premier titre, Jean-Pierre deviendra un véritable classique au fil des ans. Cet album reçoit un grand succès, couronné par un Grammy Award en L'album Star People , publié l'année suivante, est un album improvisé en studio et dédié au funk et au blues.

Assisté par Marcus Miller , bassiste poly-instrumentiste, et de Bill Evans , il introduit dans ses orchestrations des synthétiseurs numériques alors en vogue, le séquenceur et l'échantillonnage.

Aucune composition du trompettiste ne figure pourtant sur le disque: À la fin des années , Davis collabore également avec Prince , mais à ce jour pratiquement aucun enregistrement studio n'a émergé de ces sessions. Il existe toutefois un disque et une vidéo non autorisés qui témoignent du concert que Prince organisa le 31 décembre à Paisley Park où Miles fit une brève apparition.

On peut regretter qu'à cette occasion Prince n'ait pas laissé à Miles assez de place pour s'exprimer pleinement. Dans son dernier album, posthume, Doo-bop , sorti en , Miles Davis collabore avec des musiciens de hip-hop qui apportent la section rythmique et des chanteurs de rap. Le génie de Miles Davis peut se résumer en trois points: Le 28 septembre , Miles Davis meurt à l'âge de 65 ans à l'hôpital St John de Santa Monica près de Los Angeles où il était entré pour un bilan médical complet à la suite de toutes sortes d'ennuis de santé.

Dans un entrefilet du New Musical Express , on peut lire: Il est enterré au cimetière de Woodlawn de New York. Durant l'été , l'acteur Don Cheadle a lancé une campagne de financement participatif sur le site internet Indiegogo.

Le film sort aux États-Unis le 11 octobre , lors du festival du film de New York [ 35 ] , et le 1 er avril pour sa sortie nationale. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Davis. Miles Davis par Jean Fortunet, Strasbourg , Discographie de Miles Davis. Miles Davis and Horns Miles Davis Volume 2 Blue Note Walkin' , sorti en [ 32 ] Miles Davis and the Modern Jazz Giants The Musings of Miles The New Miles Davis Quintet titre original: Cookin' with the Miles Davis Quintet Relaxin' with the Miles Davis Quintet Steamin' with the Miles Davis Quintet Workin' with the Miles Davis Quintet Porgy and Bess Kind of Blue Sketches of Spain Someday My Prince Will Come - Seven Steps to Heaven My Funny Valentine Miles in the Sky Filles de Kilimanjaro In a Silent Way Live-Evil à la fois live et studio On the Corner Big Fun , sorti en , réédité en Get Up With It The Man with the Horn You're Under Arrest Live in Concert from the Carnegie Hall, December 25, Jazz at the Plaza , Vol.

At Newport Miles and Monk at Newport sorti en Miles In Tokyo Live in Paris Miles In Berlin Miles Davis, Highlights from the Plugged Nickel et No More Blues Miles Davis Quintet, Antwerp, Belgium No Blues , Salle Pleyel, Paris, le 6 novembre Existe aussi sous le nom Live In Paris Live at the Fillmore West Live at Philharmonic Hall Live in Japan '81 We Want Miles Miles and Quincy Live at Montreux Jardin des Arènes de Cimiez, Nice, France le 17 juillet Highlights from the Complete Miles Davis at Montreux.

Olympia, 20th March Olympia, 11th October Live in Den Haag In Stockholm Complete Miles Davis at Carnegie Hall Untitled Medley , Berlin, le 4 novembre Live In Vienna Call It What It Is Spring, Live In Rome, April 26, Black Devil, La Villette The Complete Birth of the Cool Chronicle, The Complete Prestige Recordings Water Babies sorti en , inédits Live Around the World.


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